Ancient Kinsella Lineage
enealogy was extremely important to all the free
classes in ancient Ireland because social standing was determined
by hereditary right.
In this listing of the Kinsella genealogy, the first thirty
five generations, which include biblical names and the names of
the Gaels (the name the Irish give to the first Celtic invaders
of Ireland) that wandered all over the Mediterranean Sea are
purely the invention of enthusiastic monks that were trying to
make Irish genealogy agree with biblical information.
The story of the landing in Ireland around 1800 BC as recorded
in the "Book of Invasions" is considered mythology,
similar to that of the Greek and Roman ancestor myths.
The next fifty odd generations after the Milesians are
likewise considered to be mythological, although it is conceded
that the activities of these people in some cases may refer to
actual historical events.
All the leading families in Ireland trace themselves back to
one of the four Milesian chieftains that supposedly were leaders
of the first Celtic invasion of Ireland. Douglas Hyde in his,
"A Literary History of Ireland" concludes that the long
list of descendants from these chieftains should be discarded
until we reach names of people that lived in the third or fourth
century A.D. It is at this time that most of the noble
genealogies converge. He believes that genealogy lists after this
point in time should be considered to be authentic.
Hyde goes on to state that there is one family line that
appears to be much older than the rest. He says that the most
ancient of all Irish pedigrees is the line of Leinster Kings
which goes back to around 300 B.C., at which point it joins the
"artificial" list of names that leads back to the
Milesians. It is from this line that the Kinsellas descend.
Cinnsealaigh: 2ndson of Dermod na nGall, King of
Leinster; first assumed the surname Kinselagh. He was
blinded by Ossory.
Tirlach: his son;
Morach: his son.
Thomas Fionn: his son.
Dermod: his son; had an elder brother named Art,
who was slain by MacMorough in 1383, and from whom
descended Slioght Thomas Fionn.
Art: his son.
Donoch: his son.
Arthur: his son.
Donoch: his son.
Edmund Kinselagh: his son.
Dermod Dubh: his son; Chief of the clan in 1580
son of Aodh
- Adam: his wife was Eve
- Seth: son of
- Enos: son of
- Cainan: son of
- Mahalaleel: son of
- Jared: son of
- Enoch: son of
- Methuselah: son of
- Lamech: son of
- Noah: son of
- Japhet: eldest son of Noah. He had 15 sons,
amongst whom he divided Europe, and the part of Asia his
father had allotted to him.
- Magog: his son, from whom descended the Parthians,
Gadelians, Amazonians, etc; also Bartholinus, the first
planter of Ireland, about three hundred years after the
- Baoth: one of the sons of Magog, to whom Scythia
came as his lot upon the division of the earth by Noah,
and subsequently by Japhet, of his part thereof among his
(Fenius) Farsaidh:inventor of Letters.
- Niul: after his father's return to Scythia,
continued some time at Aeothania, teaching the languages
and other laudable sciences, until, upon report of his
great learning, he was invited into Egypt by Pharaoh, the
king who gave him the land of Campuss Eyrunt, near the
Red Sea, to inhabit, and heal so gave him his daughter
Scota in marriage, from whom their posterity are ever
since called the Scots. It was this Niulus who employed
Gaodhal (Gael) son of Eighor, a learned and skillful man,
to compose, or rather refine, the language called Bearla
Tobbai, which was common to the posterity of Niulus, and
was afterwards called "Gaodh-ilg" from the said
Gaodhal, who composed and improved it, and for his sake
also Niulus called his eldest son "Gaodhal"
- Gaodhal: the son of Niulus, was the ancestor of
the Clan na Gael; that is, the children or descendants of
Gaodhal. In his youth this Gaodhal was stung in the neck
by a serpent, and was immediately brought to Moses, who,
by laying the miraculous rod on the wounded place, cured
him, and, in addition to this cure, he obtained a further
blessing, which we enjoy to the present day--namely, that
no venomous beast can live at any time where his
posterity should inhabit, which privilege is verified in
Candia, Getulea, and Ireland.
- Asruth: his son, continued in Egypt, and governed
his colony in peace during his life
- Sruth: his son, soon after his father's death, was
set upon by the Egyptians, actuated by their former
animosities towards his predecessors, for having taken
part with the Israelites against them, and which
animosities had, until then, lain raked up in the embers,
but which now broke out into a flame, to that degree
that, after many battles and conflicts, wherein most of
his colony lost their lives, Sruth was forced, with the
few remaining, to depart the country, and after many
traverses at sea, arrived at the Island of Crete, or
Candia, where he died.
- Heber Scutt: after his father's death, and a
year's stay at Crete, departed thence, leaving some of
his people to inherit the island, and where some of their
posterity likely remain, as the islands harbor no
venomous serpents ever since. He and his people soon
after arrived in Scythia, where his cousins, the
posterity of Nenuallus (eldest son of Farsa), refusing to
allot a place of habitation for him and his colony, they
fought many battles, wherein Heber, being always the
victor, at length forced the sovereignty from the
reigning king, and settling himself and his colony in
Scythia, they continued there for four generations. Heber
Scott was afterwa rds slain in battle, by Noemus, the son
of the former king.
- Beouman: son of
- Oghaman: son of
- Tait: were kings of Scythia, but in constant war
with the natives, so that after Tait's death, his son...
- Agnan: and his followers betook themselves to sea,
wandering and coasting upon the Caspian for several
years, in which time he died
- Lamhfionn: and his fleet remained at sea or some
time after his father's death, resting and refreshing
themselves upon such islands as they me t with. It was
then that Cachear, their magician or Druid, foretold that
there would be no end to their wanderings and travels,
until they would arrive in the western island of Europe
called Ireland, which was the place destined for their
future and final abode, and that no only they but their
posterity after three hundred years should arrive there.
After many traverses of fortune at sea this little fleet
arrived at last with their leader at Gothia or Gethulia,
more recently Libya, where Carthage was afterwards built,
and soon afterwards Lamhfoin died there.
- Heber Glunfionn: his son, was born in Getulia
where he also died. His posterity continued there to the
eighth generation, and were kings or rulers for one
hundred and fifty years and upwards.
- Agnan Fionn: son of
- Febric Glas: son of
- Nenuall: son of
- Nuadhad: son of
- Alladh: son of
- Arcadh: son of
- Deagh: son of
- Brath: was born in Gothia. Remembering the Druid
predictions, an d his people having increased
considerably during their abode in Getulia, he departed
thence with a numerous fleet, to seek out the country
destined for their final settlement by the prophecy of
Cachear. After some time he landed on the coast of Spain,
and by the strong hand settled himself and his colony in
Galicia, in the north of that country.
- Breoghan (Brigus): a quo the "Brigantes":
was king of Galicia, Andalusia, Murcia, Castile, and
Portugal, all of which he conquered. He built Breoghans
Towe r, or Brigantia, in Galicia, and the City of
Braganza, in Portugal, called after himself. The kingdom
of Castile was then called Brigia after him also.
- Bile: was king of those countries after his
father's death, and was succeeded by his son Milesius (Galamh).
This Bile had a brother named Ithe.
The following comprises the foundation myths of the Irish.
There may be some truth in them but their validity is in
of Spain:From whence all the nobility of Ireland is
He had the following sons:
- Muimne: This Monarch was buried at Croaghan,
situated near Elphin, in Co.Roscommon. In the
early ages, Croaghan became the capital of
Connaught and a residence of the ancient King of
Ireland; and at Croaghan the states of Connaught
held conventions, to make laws and inaugurate
their Kings. There, too, about a century before
the Christian era, the Monarch Eochy Feidlioch
erected a royal residence and a great rath,
called Rath Cruachan, after his queen, Cruachan
Croidheirg, mother of Maeve (famous from Red
- Trial or Eurialus (Irial Faidh). He asserted his
rights to his father's crown, and succeeded in
gaining it in a pitched battle
- Irial Faidh (a prophet): his son, was the 10th
Monarch of Ireland; died 1670 BC. This was a very learned
king; could foretell things to come; and caused much of
the country to be cleared of the ancient forest. He
likewise built seven royal palaces(Rath Ciombaoigh, Rath
Coincheada, Rath Mothuig, Rath Buirioch, Rath Luachat,
Rath Croicne, and Rath Boachoill). He won four remarkable
battles over his enemies: Ard Inmath, at Teabtha, where
Stirne, the son of Dubh, son of Fomhar, was slain; the
second battle was at Teanmhuighe, against the Fomhoraice,
where Eichtghe, their leader , was slain; the third was
the battle of Loch Muighe, where Lugrot, the son of
Moghfeibhis, was slain; and the fourth was the battle of
Cuill Martho, where the four sons of Heber were defeated.
Irial died in the second year after this battle, having
reigned 10 years, and was buried at Magh Muagh. During
his reign a great part of the country was laid open, and
freed from woods.
- Eithrial: his son; was the 11th Monarch; reigned
20 years. This prince was distinguished for his great
learning; he wrote, with his own hand, the history and
travels of the Badelians; nor was he less remarkable for
his valor and military accomplishments. He was slain by
Conmaol, the son of Heber Fionn, at the battle of
Soirrean, in Leinster (1650 BC) leaving only one son
- Foll-Aich: his son; was kept out of the Monarchy
by Conmaol, the slayer of his father, who usurped his
his son; was the 13th Monarch, and reigned 50 years.
- Enboath: his so n. It was in this prince's
lifetime that the Kingdom was divided in two parts by a
line drawn from Drogheda to Limerick.
- Smiomghall: his son; in his lifetime the Picts in
Scotland were forced to abide by their oath, and pay
homage to the Irish Monarch; seven large woods were also
- Fiacha Labhrainn: his son; was the 18th Monarch;
reigned 24 years, slew Eochaidh Faobharglas, of the line
of Heber, at the battle of Carman. During his reign all
the inhabitants of Scotland were brought in subjection to
the Irish Monarchy, and the conquest was secured by his
son the 20th Monarch. Fiacha at length (1448 BC) fell in
the battle of Bealgadain, by the hands of Eochaidh Mumho,
the son of Moefeibhis, of the race of Heber Fionn. He was
called Labhrainn because during his reign the stream of
Tubher Labhrainn began to flow.
- Aongus Olmucach: his son; was the 20th Monarch. He
was named for having a breed of swine of a much larger
size than any in Ireland, the words "oll" and
"mucca" signifying "great swine." He
was a valiant and war-like prince, and fought the
following battles: the battle of Claire, the battle of
Moigen Cgiath, in Connaught; the battle of Glaise
Fraochain, where Frachain Faiah was killed; and in his
reign the Picts again refused to pay the tribute imposed
on them 250 years before, by Heremon, but this Monarch
went with a strong army into Alba and in thirty pitched
battles overcame them and forced them to pay the required
tribute. Aongus was at length slain by Eana, in the ba
ttle of Carman, 1409 BC
- Main: his son; was kept out of he Monarchy by
Eadna, of the line of Heber Fionn. In his time silver
shields were given as rewards for bravery to the Irish
- Rogheachach: his son; was the 22nd Monarch for 25
years; slain 1357 BC by Sedne(Seadhna) of the Line of Ir
at Rath Cuchain. Silver shields were made, and four-horse
chariots were first used in Ireland during his reign.
- Dein: his son; was kept out of the Monarchy by his
father's slayer, and his son. In his time gentlemen and
nobleman first wore gold chains round their necks, as a
sign of their birth; and golden helmets were given to
- Siorna "Saoghalach" (long life): his
son; was the 34th Monarch who reigned 21 years; he was
slain (1030 BC) at Aillin, by Rotheachta, of the Line of
Heber Fionn, who usurped the Monarchy, thereby excluding
Siorna's son, Olioll Aolcheoin, from the throne.
- Olioll Aolcheoin: son of Siorna Saoghalach.
- Gialchadh: his son; was the 37th Monarch for 9
years; killed by Art Imleach, of the Line of Heber Fionn,
at Moighe Muadh (1013 BC)
- Nuadhas Fionnfail: his son; was the 39th Monarch
for 21 years; slain by the son of Art Imleach,
Breasrioghacta (961 BC), his successor.
- Aedan Glas: his son. In his time the coast was
infested with pirates; and there occurred a dreadful
plague (Apthach) which swept away most of the inhabitants.
- Simeon Breac: his son; was the 44th Monarch; he
inhumanly caused his predecessor to be torn asunder; but,
after a reign of 6 years, he met with a like death (903
BC),by order of Duach Fionn, son to the murdered king
- Muredach Bolgach: his son; was the 46th Monarch
for 4 years; killed by Eadhna Dearg (son of Duach Fionn)
in 892 BC. Had following sons:
- Duach Teamhrach, who had following sons:
- Eochaidh Framhuine, 51st Monarch of
- Conang Beag-eaglach, 53rd Monarch of
- Riacha Tolgrach, who is described below
- Riacha (Feachus?) Tolgrach: son of Muredach; was
the 55th Monarch for 5 years. His life was ended by the
sword of Oilioll Fionn of the line of Heber Fionn, 795 BC
- Duach Ladhrach: his son; was the 59th Monarch for
10 years. He was distinguished by the name Duach Lagrach
by reason of his being so strict and hasty in the
execution of justice; that he was impatient and would not
admit of a moment's delay until the criminal was seized
and tried for the offense; the word, "Lagrach,"
means speed and suddenness. He was killed by Lughaidh
Laighe, son of Oilioll Fionn, 737 BC
- Eochaidh Buadhach: his son; was kept out of the
Monarchy by his father's slayer. In his time the kingdom
was twice visited with a plague
Mor: his son. This Ugaine (Hugony) the Great was the
66th Monarch of Ireland for 40 years.
Lorc, the 68thMonarch of Ireland: son of Ugaine Mor:
began to reign, 593 BC.
- Olioll Aine: his son. Slain by Cobhthach
Caolmbreag, lest he should disturb his reign.
Longseach:his son. (This is around 250 B.C.)
- Olioll Bracan: his son.
- Aeneas Ollamh: his son; the 73rd Monarch for 18
years. He fell by the sword of Iaran Gleofathach
- Breassal: his son.
- Fergus Fortamhail: his son; the 80th Monarch. He
was known by that name because he had great strength of
body, and brave beyond any of his time. He reigned 12
years and was slain 384 BC in battle by Aongus Tuirmeach
- Felim Fortuin: his son.
- Crimthann Coscrach: his son; the 85th Monarch for
7 years. He was distinguished by that name because he
behaved with such bravery at the head of his army, that
he was victorious in every battle he fought; "Cosgrach"
signifies "slaughter" and "bloodshed"
He was slain by Rogerus, the son of Sithrig.
- Mogh-Art: his son.
- Art: his son.
- Allod (Olioll): his son.
- Nuadh Falaid: his son.
- Fearach Foghlas: his son.
- Olioll Glas: his son.
- Fiacha Fobrug: his son.
- Breassal Breac: his son. Had following sons
between whom he divided his country:
- Lughaidh, who is described below. He was the
ancestor of the Kings, nobility, and gentry of
Leinster. He inherited all the territories on the
north side of the river Barrow, from Wicklow to
- Conla. He was the ancestor of the Kings,
nobility, and gentry of Ossory. He inherited the
south part, from the Barrow to the sea
- Lughaidh (Luy): son of Breassal Breac
- Sedna: his son; built the royal city of Rath
Alinne (now Allen in Co.Kildare)
- Nuadhas Neacht (Neass): his son; the 96th Monarch.
The royal city of Naas is named after him. He was killed
by the sword of Conaire, the son of Eidersgoil. Had the
- Fergus Fairge, who is described below
- Baoisgne, who was the father of Cubhall (Coole)
who was the father of Fionn, commonly called
"Finn MacCoole", the general in the 3rd
century of the ancient Irish Militia known as the
Fianna Eirionn, of "Fenians of Ireland"
- Fergus Fairge: his son.
- Ros: son of Fergus Fairge
- Fionn File (a poet): his son.
- Conchobhar Abhraoidhruaidh: his son; the 99th
Monarch of Ireland for 1 year. His name came from the
fact that the hair of his eyebrows was red; the word
"abrudhruadh" means "red eyebrows".
- Mogh Corb: his son.
About the time of Mogh Corb's birth, the common people (Firbolgs
perhaps) rose up and overthrew their leaders (Milesian
nobles perhaps). The leaders were mostly killed but some
few made it to Scotland where they stayed for a number of
years. Eventually they returned, supposedly after being
asked back by the common people, because their land was
now in chaos.
Tuathal Teachtmhar first collects Boruma
Tribute from king of Leinster, Eochaidh Aincean, for the
treatment Eochaidh does to Tuathal's daughters
his son; King of Leinster.
He had the following sons:
- Niadh Corb, who is described below
- Messincorb, a quo Dal Messincorb
- Cormac, a quo Dal Cormaic, and who was the
ancestor of Quirk
- Cairbre Dluitheachar
- Niadh Corb: his son. He was a most valiant and
warlike prince, "Nia" signifies hero. Had
- Cormac Gealtach, who is described below
- Cormac Gealtach: his son. He succeeded his father
and was a great general, and led the Irish army into
Scotland, to assist the Picts and Scots against the
Romans, who were commanded by Agricola. The battle with
the Romans on the Grampian Hills was fierce and bloody;
but the superior discipline of the Roman legions made it
decisive in their favor. At his death he was succeeded by
- Felim Fiorurglas: his son. Had the following
- Cathair Mor, who is described below
- Main Mal, the ancestor of O'Kelly of Cualan (in
Wicklow), O'Tighe, and O'Cuallan
Mor, 109th Monarch of Ireland in the beginning of the
2nd century: son of Felim Fiorurglas.
- Fiacha Baicheda: youngest son of Cathair Mor; died
220. His father praised him for his bravery and spirit,
and for the universal love he gained. He was called
"the lame" on account of a wound he received in
the battle of Moigh Acha, where his father was slain.
From his posterity came the majority of the kings of
- Breasal Bealach (large lipped): his son; was the 2nd
Christian King of Leinster. Had following sons:
- Labhradh, who is described below
- Enna Niadh, who begins family of O'Tooles
The ancient kings of Leinster (Ui Cinnsealaigh = Hy
Kinsella) had fortresses or royal residences at Dinn
Righ, near the river Barrow, between Carlow and Leighlin;
at Naas, in Kildare; and, in after times at the city of
Ferns in Wexford, which was their capital; and also at
Old Ross in Wexford; and at Ballymoon in Carlow. The Ui
Cinnsealaigh were inaugurated as kings of Leinster at a
place called Cnoc-an-Bhogha, attended by O'Nolan, who was
the King's Marshal, and Chief of Forth in Carlow; by
O'Doran, Chief Brehon of Leinster; and by MacKeogh, their
The major Leinster families begin to split off at this
- Labhradh: son of Breasal Bealach. Had the
Cinnsealaigh, who is described below.
- Deagh, a quo Ui Deagha Mor; in Ui Cinnsealaigh
Cinnsealaigh: elder son of Labhradh; married Conang;
was named Ceann-Salach by Cednathech the Druid, whom he
slew at Croghan Hill, in the King's County, where Eanna
defeated Eochaidh Muigh Meadhoin (Eochy Moyvone), the
Monarch, 365. Had following children:
- Feidhlimidh (Felim)
- Eochu (Eochaidh) Cinnsealaigh, who was exiled to
Scotland by the Irish Monarch Niall of the Nine
Hostages, whom Eochu later assassinated near
Boulogne, on the river Leor (now the Lianne).
- Crimthann Cass, who is described below
- Crimthann Cass: 3rd son of Eanna Cinnsealach; was
King of Leinster for 40 years; baptized by St. Patrick at
Rathvilly around 448; slain in 484 by his grandson
Eochaidh Guinech of the Hy-Bairche. Married Mell,
daughter of Erebran of the Desies in Munster (son of
Eoghan Bric, son of Art Cuirb, son of Fiacha Suighde, son
of Felim Rachtmar). Had following children:
- Ingen, wife of Daire MacErcadh of the Hy-Bairche
- Nathach (Dathi), who is described below
- Fiacra the Fair, made first bishop of Leinster by
- Eithne Uathach, wife of Aongus MacNadfraech, King
- Fergus, who defeated Diarmuid MacCearbhaill at
Drum Laeghaire, by the side of Cais in Hy-Faelain,
defending the Boromha Tribute
- Nathach: son of Crimthan Cass; was King of
Leinster for 10 years; baptized in his infancy by St.
Patrick. Had following children:
- Owen Caoch, who is described below
- Faelan, who had a son named Fergus
- Eoghan (Owen) Caoch: eldest son of Nathach. Had
- Siollan, who is described below
- Fergus, ancestor of O'Ryan
- Siollan (skinny person): son of Eoghan Caoch
- Faelan: his son; was King of Leinster for 9 years.
- Faolchu: his son. Had following sons:
- Elodach, King of Leinster for 7 years
- Onchu, who is described below
- Aongus, slain in 721 at Maisden, Mullaghmast
- Onchu: son of Faolchu
- Rudgal: his son. Had following sons:
- Aodh (Hugh), who is described below
- Flann, slain at Allen, in the Co. Kildare, 722
- Aodh: son of Rudgal. Had following sons:
- Diarmuid, who is described below
- Bruadar, slain in 853
- Diarmuid: son of Aodh; Had following sons:
- Cairbre, who is described below
- Tadhg, slain in 865
- Cairbre: son of Diarmuid; slain in 876
- Ceneth: his son; slain by the Danes of Loch
Carmen; was King of Leinster for 13years. Had following
- Echtighern, King of Leinster for 9 years; slain
in 951 by the sons of Ceallach, his brother. He
had following son:
- Cairpre, abbot of Clonmore, who died in
- Aodh, who slew Donal Cloen in 983
- Bruadar (Bran?) who died in 982, and was
King of Leinster for 4 years
- Ceallach, who is described below
- Ceallach: 2nd son of Ceneth; was slain by the
Ossorians in 945, at Athcliath (Dublin). He had following
- Doncadh, King of Leinster for 6 years
- Donal, who is described below
- Donal: 2nd son of Ceallach; was King of Leinster
for 9 years; slain by the Ossorians in 974. Had following
- Doncadh, slain by Donal Cloen in 983
- Diarmuid, who is described below
- Maolruanaidh, who was King of Leinster for 13
- Diarmuid: 3rd son of Donal; was King of Leinster
for 13 years; died in 997
- Donoch Maol-na-mBo: his son; was King of Leinster
for 9 years. Had following sons:
- Donal Reamhar, slain in 1041 at Killmolappog, Co.
Carlow. He had 3 sons:
- Donchadh, slain in 1089 by O'Connor
- Donal, who was a hostage of Tirlogh
- Ruadh, who gave Clonkeen, near Kingstown,
to Christ Church in Dublin
- Diarmuid, who is described below
2nd son of Donoch Maol-na-mBo; was the 47th Christian
King of Leinster, and the 177th Milesian Monarch of
Ireland; was slain on the 23rd Feb, 1072, at Odhba, near
Navan; married Darbhforgal (died 1080), grand-daughter of
he Monarch Brian Boromha. Had following children:
- Murcha, who is described below
- Glunairn, who in 1071, was slain by the Meath men
at Donlah, and buried at Duleek
- Enna, who had a son Diarmuid, slain in 1098.
- Murcha (a sea warrior, also called Morough):
eldest son of Diarmaid; was the 50th Christian King of
Leinster; invaded the Isle of Man in 1070; died in Dublin
on the 8th of December, 1090. Had following children:
- Donal, who was King of Dublin, died after 3 days
illness in 1075
- Gormlath, who was Abbess of Kildare, died in 1112
- Donoch, who is described below.
- Enna, who had a son Diarmuid, died 1113 in Dublin
- Glunairn, whose daughter Sadhbh (died 1171) was
Abbess of Kildare
- Murcha (or Moragh)
- Donoch MacMorough: the third son of Murcha; was
King of Dublin and the 56th Christian King of Leinster;
slain in 1115 by Donal O'Brien and the Danes at Dublin.
He had 3 sons of whom Dermod was his second. Had
- Enna, King of Leinster, died in Wexford in 1126
- Dermod, who is described below
- Murrough, King of Hy Cinnsealach while Dermod was
away in 1166
naNGhall: 2nd son of Donoch MacMorough; died 1171;
was the 58th Christian King of Leinster. Had following
- Eanna Cinnsealach. The Kinsella family line
springs from Eanna.
- Dervorgilla. She married into the
MacGilleholmock's of Dublin.
- Donal Kavanagh (fostered with Kavanaghs). The
Kavanagh family line springs from both Donal and
from his foster family.
- Orlacan, who married Donal O'Brien
- Aoife, who married Strongbow
- Conor who was killed by Rory O'Connor
Information taken from O'Hart's "Irish Pedigrees"
and Rev. P.L.O'Toole's "History of the Clan O'Toole"
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